Understanding Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors | HealthSoul

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. For those struggling with the reality of a life-changing diagnosis, there is a reversing Type 2 Diabetes Summit, where they can learn how to maintain a healthy blood sugar level, reduce insulin resistance and lose weight permanently. This article explores the causes, symptoms and management strategies for this prevalent form of diabetes.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

The body’s metabolism of sugar (glucose) is impacted by type 2 diabetes. It arises when the body develops insulin resistance or fails to generate an adequate amount of insulin to sufficiently control blood sugar levels. As a result, the blood glucose levels rise, which may lead to serious health problems.

Common Causes and Risk Factors

An essential contributing factor to the development of this chronic illness is an unhealthy way of life, characterized by poor dietary choices and insufficient physical activity. The consumption of a diet rich in processed foods, sugary beverages and unhealthy fats can result in weight gain and insulin resistance, elevating the likelihood of developing diabetes. Furthermore, leading a sedentary lifestyle and lacking consistent exercise can also play a role in the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Other risk factors include genetic predisposition, a family history of diabetes and specific medical conditions such as hypertension and polycystic ovary syndrome. Also, surpassing the age of 45, and belonging to specific ethnic backgrounds such as African American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian are potential risk factors. Additionally, having high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels, or a history of gestational diabetes can further elevate the risk.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Recognizing the symptoms of type 2 diabetes is crucial for early diagnosis and effective management. These typical symptoms encompass frequent urination, heightened thirst, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, delayed wound healing and recurring infections. Likewise, some individuals might also encounter increased hunger, tingling or numbness in the extremities and the presence of dark patches of skin. Being alert for these signs can lead to timely intervention and better control of type 2 diabetes.

To diagnose the illness, doctors typically perform a blood test to measure blood glucose levels. This can include a fasting plasma glucose test, an oral glucose tolerance test, or a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. If the results indicate high blood sugar levels, further tests may be conducted to confirm the diagnosis and determine the appropriate treatment plan. It is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and to manage type 2 diabetes effectively.

Prevention and Management

Maintaining a balanced diet is perhaps the most crucial method for successful prevention and management. This includes consuming a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and healthy fats while limiting the intake of sugary and processed foods. Regular physical activity is also essential; individuals should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week. Additionally, maintaining a healthy weight and managing stress levels are important factors in preventing and managing type 2 diabetes.

Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, taking prescribed medications as directed and attending regular check-ups with healthcare professionals are also vital for effective management. By incorporating these strategies into daily life, people can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and effectively manage the condition if already diagnosed.

Alternative Approach: Reversing Type 2 Diabetes With the Wheat Belly Lifestyle

Another approach to reversing the chronic condition is the Wheat Belly lifestyle, as described by Dr. William Davis, which focuses on eliminating wheat and other grains from the diet to improve overall health and reverse various health conditions, including type 2 diabetes. The consumption of refined carbohydrates, such as those found in wheat and other grains, can contribute to insulin resistance and worsen diabetes symptoms.

The Wheat Belly lifestyle helps stabilize blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity by removing wheat and grains from the diet. This is because wheat contains high levels of carbohydrates that quickly break down into sugar in the body, leading to spikes in blood sugar levels. Consuming a healthy, balanced diet of the nutrient-dense foods listed above, has a lower impact on blood sugar levels compared to refined carbohydrates. Following the Wheat Belly lifestyle can lead to weight loss, reduced inflammation and improved metabolic health, all of which are beneficial for managing and reversing type 2 diabetes.

By eliminating wheat and grains, individuals may experience improved blood sugar control, reduced medication dependence and a decrease in diabetes-related complications. However, it is important to note that the Wheat Belly lifestyle should be followed under the guidance of a healthcare professional, especially for individuals with diabetes or other medical conditions. It is also essential to maintain a balanced and varied diet to ensure adequate nutrient intake.


Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent and manageable chronic condition that requires proactive management through lifestyle changes, medication when necessary and vigilant monitoring. Understanding its causes, recognizing symptoms and implementing appropriate management strategies are crucial steps toward living a healthy and fulfilling life with this chronic illness.