Rosacea is a common medical condition which affects the skin of the face. The blood vessel of the face becomes visible causing redness and there can be the presence of the pus-filled bumps also. This is untreatable condition and the symptoms appear for a period of weeks or months and then disappear for a while and they appear again later but the condition can be managed and controlled to reduce the duration and intensity of the symptoms.
It can occur in anyone but it usually affects the women belonging to the middle age having fair skin.
According to the US government, there are more than 14 million people living with this condition.
It usually affects the middle third of the face.
The symptoms are so diverse the rosacea can be confused easily with allergy, sunburn or acne
The cause of rosacea is not known but the studies shows that the condition depends upon both the genetic as well as environmental factors. Contrast to belief of many people, it is not due to poor hygiene but there are number of factors that can worsen your symptoms like
If rosacea is left unmanaged, the severity and frequency of the symptoms increases. The complications include
Your doctor will use your medical history and the skin examination to make out any diagnosis. No test is required to male out the diagnosis but test can be used to rule out any other conditions which looks similar to rosacea like lupus, psoriasis or eczema
Medical history: your doctor will ask you certain questions about your signs and symptoms whether they are occurring cyclically or not.
Physical examination: Your doctor or dermatologist will look for the affected skin of the face. In unusual conditions a biopsy may be required in which some tissue of the skin is taken out and studied
Medical tests: They are only required when your dermatologist is suspecting another disease to be the cause of the patient’s symptoms.
Since the rosacea is untreatable therefore the goal of the treatment is to reduce the symptoms and limiting the worsening of the symptoms. The management includes medications, laser therapy, lifestyle changes and reducing the triggers. Your doctor will recommend you the most appropriate treatment plan based on the severity and type of the symptoms.
Medications: Mild rosacea may not require treatment unless it is bothering the patient. The choice of medications depends upon the type of the symptoms like
Laser or intense pulsated light therapy: Therapy treat the visible blood vessels and requires multiple clinical visits. Some patient found it discomforting.
Lifestyle changes: Some modifications in your lifestyle can help you controlling the symptoms like