Molluscum Contagiosum is a common skin disease caused by a virus whose name is same that is Molluscum contagiosum. The viral infection produces raised skin bumps that are round, firm and usually painless and their size can vary from a small pinhead to a pencil eraser. As the name says the infection is very contagious, it spreads from one person to another easily. It is most common in the children affecting fewer than 5% of the children but it can affect adult as well especially those which have weaker immune system. The time period of the infection with the virus differs from person to person, but the bumps associated with the virus can remain there from 2 months to 4 years at max. Treatment is not required in the most of the cases though options are available.
The sign and symptoms of the molluscum contagiosum include raised skin lesion or bumps having the following characteristics
It is caused by the spread of the virus through
Any person can acquire the skin infection but some people are more likely to get this infection due to the following risk factors
Age: the children belonging to the age group from 1 to 10 have higher chances to get the infection
Immune system: people who have weaker immune system due to HIV infection or any other reason have more chances of acquiring the infection which is difficult to treat
Your doctor or dermatologist can easily make out the diagnosis by just asking your medical history, conducting a physical examination and can order a medical test to confirm it.
Medical history: your doctor will ask you certain question like the nature and onset of the lesion. If the patient is child then the mother or family members should be able to give the history. The sight of the characteristics lesion is enough to make out the diagnosis but to rule out from other causes of the skin lesions, your doctor can do a histologic examination of the lesion.
Histologic examinations: the patient’s affected skin scrapings are taken and viewed under the microscope to look for the viral lesions
In most cases treatment is not required and the infections and bumps will fade upon their own in about 12 to 18 months but treatment is required if
The treatment option includes dermatological procedure like
If you are infected with the virus then you should take the below precautions to limit the spread of the virus
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