What is a Nephrologist?
A nephrologist is a medical professional who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders that affect the kidneys. Nephrologists are often referred to as kidney specialists. Some nephrologists also do research that helps them learn more about kidney diseases, so they can produce better treatments for their patients.
How does a doctor become a Nephrologist?
To become a nephrologist, a person must complete an accredited undergraduate program and then attend medical school for at least four years. After completing medical school, they must complete specialty training in nephrology and attend a residency program. During the residency, a doctor will gain experience in nephrology while learning from an experienced nephrologist. To become a certified nephrologist, a doctor must pass an exam given by the American Board of Internal Medicine.
What types of diseases do Nephrologists treat?
Nephrologists treat a variety of different diseases that affect the kidneys. They diagnose these diseases and also come up with the best treatment options for their patients. Some of the most common diseases they treat include:
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Abdominal compartment syndrome
- Acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity
- Acute kidney failure/acute kidney injury
- Acute lobar nephronia
- Bartter syndrome
- Acute kidney injury caused by bath salts
- Beer potomania
- Chinese herbal medicine nephrotoxicity
- Acute kidney injury caused by cherry concentrate
- Cholesterol emboli
- Churg–Strauss syndrome
- Cocaine damage to the kidney
- Ectopic ureter
- Edema, swelling
- Erdheim-Chester disease
- Fabry’s disease
- Kidney cancer
- Renal angina
- Renal artery stenosis
- Renal cyst
What are the diagnostic tests and procedures ordered by a Nephrologist?
Nephrologists use many different tests and procedures to help them diagnose kidney diseases, illnesses, and disorders. In some cases, they perform the diagnostic tests themselves. In others, they order them from other departments in the hospital or clinic. Some of the common tests they use include:
- Urine test
- CT scan
- Kidney scan
- Retrograde cystography
- Retrograde pyelogram
- Urine flow test
What are the different types of Nephrologists?
There are several types of nephrologists. Although they all treat kidney illnesses and diseases, they focus on different aspects. Some of the types of nephrologists include:
- Pediatric Nephrologists
- Transplant Nephrologist
How do Nephrologists treat Kidney Diseases?
A nephrologist uses a variety of methods to treat various kidney diseases and illnesses. The type of treatment used often depends on the exact cause and severity of the disease, as well as the patient’s preferences and overall health. Some common treatment recommendations may include:
- Varicocele embolization
- Transurethral resection
- Sperm retrieval
- Radical orchiectomy
- Perineal prostatectomy
- Laparoscopic pelvic prolapse repair
- Laparoscopic kidney cyst ablation
- Kidney transplant
- Genital and pelvic reconstruction
When to see a Nephrologist?
Many people don’t know when they are suffering from a kidney disease or disorder. In most cases, they complain of pain in the back, urinary problems, or reproductive problems and see a general doctor, who refers them to a nephrologist. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see a nephrologist:
- Pain while urinating
- Kidney stone symptoms
- Lower back pain
- Poor appetite
- Bone pain
- Stunted growth
- High urine output or no urine output
American Society of Nephrology