Commonly Visited Categories

Health News Healthcare Healthy Lifestyle Know Your Country Know your Doctor Patient Stories 

According to the American Cancer Society’s 2018 estimated statistics, about 8,500 people will be diagnosed with Hodgkin Lymphoma, and about 1,050 deaths will result from it. Most new cases are diagnosed in early adulthood or after age 55. Survival rates have improved in the last few decades due to advances in treatment.

Causes of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Although it is unclear what causes Hodgkin Lymphoma, it has been linked with certain risk factors (although the reasons are unclear):

  • Epstein-Barr virus infection/mononucleosis
  • Age: It has two peaks, higher in 20’s and after 55
  • Gender (higher in males)
  • Geography (higher in U.S., Canada, and Europe)
  • Family history
  • Socioeconomic status (higher in higher socioeconomic backgrounds)
  • HIV infection

Risk factors for Hodgkin Lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Diagnosis of Hodgkin Lymphoma

  • Lymph node Biopsy
  • Imaging tests like X-ray and CT scan
  • Bone Marrow Biopsy
  • Blood tests like blood count, ESR
  • Test of heart and lung function before starting chemotherapy.

Diagnosis of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Staging of Hodgkin Lymphoma

The staging is based on symptoms, imaging and biopsy results. The Lugano classification system is used for staging.

Stage I: Lymphoma is found in only one lymph node area or lymphoid organ. OR the cancer is found in only one area of a single organ outside the lymph system.

Stage II: Lymphoma is found in two or more lymph node areas on the same side of the diaphragm. OR It extends from one lymph node area into a nearby organ.

Stage III: Lymphoma is found in lymph node areas above AND below the diaphragm. OR It is in lymph nodes above the diaphragm as well as in the spleen.

Stage IV: Lymphoma has spread into at least one organ outside the lymph system (liver, bone marrow, lungs)

If the letter X is added to the stage it means that there are tumors in the chest that are at least 1/3 the width of the chest itself, or there are tumors in other parts of the body that are at least 10 cm. across. This is sometimes known as "bulky disease.”

Other designations that may be added to the stage are the letters A or B, with B indicating that the lymphoma is more advanced. Symptoms for a B designation include

  • Unintended Weight Loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats.

Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Treatment is based mostly on the stage of the lymphoma, but other factors include age, general health, and the type/location of the lymphoma. Treatment options include the following:

Prevention of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Since the cause is still unknown and few of the risk factors can be changed, it is not possible to prevent Hodgkin Lymphoma. One way to lower your risk is to avoid exposure to HIV.

Resources: 

Hodgkin's Disease, Hematology Oncology

SHARE

Related Articles - Would you like to read other blogs in this category?

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Symptoms and Treatment
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Symptoms and Treatment

Leukemia strikes early blood-forming cells, usually the white blood cells, but sometimes it occurs in other types of blood cells. According to the American C...

Diagnosis and Prevention of Prostate Cancer
Diagnosis and Prevention of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men following skin cancer, and is a leading cause of death. Approximately 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed ...

Anemia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Anemia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Anemia is a medical condition in which the number of red blood cells in the blood decreases which impairs the oxygen supply to body’s parts. The red blood ce...

Natural Treatment for Reducing Cancer
Natural Treatment for Reducing Cancer

Cancer is an uncontrolled, abnormal cell growth condition associated with DNA damage. The increasing prevalence of cancer become a global health concern...